T-shirt manufacturers use many terms to explain their products. The terms are not always consistent and it helps to have a reference guide.
This is the state Eco-friendly Man T-shirts Help guide to understanding t-shirt terms:
20s, 20/1, 20s single: Device of measurement that defines the fineness of natural cotton thread. A typical spool of solitary-ply natural cotton thread is composed of 840 yards of cotton line. If this takes 20 spools to consider one pound, then this line on these spools is called 20s cotton, or 20/1. If 30 spools weigh one pound, then your thread on these spools is known as 30s cotton line, or 30/1. When it takes 40 spools to consider one pound, then the line on those spools is known as forties natural cotton, or 40/1. The higher amount means a finer thread, and therefore a better, much softer material is made. T-shirts manufactured from 30s and 40s are much softer, finer, and possess much better drape than t-shirts manufactured from 20s. The terms are used different ways, but it’s the amount that counts; “20s,” “20/1,” and “20 singles” are the same. Threads can be twisted with each other into thicker strands. If two 20/1 cotton threads were twisted together, it will be referred to as 20/2.
Bamboo Fabric: Rayon made from bamboo cellulose. Even though rayon is a man-made synthetic materials, many experts agree it is actually readily biodegradable. Bamboo material is incredibly smooth and contains excellent drape.
Bamboo: Fast expanding herb, classified as a lawn, which can be readily refined into rayon to make bamboo rayon clothing.
Bleach Clean: A procedure that utilizes bleach to soften and distress the appearance of the fabric becoming washed.
Boat Throat: A really broad neckline that runs over the collarbone area for the shoulder joint points. Gets from early sailors’ shirts, where the wide throat enabled quick removal if the sailor dropped over the top.
Child Beater: Women’s fashion response to the spouse beater. A women’s tank top, even though it can be any colour.
Brushed Cotton: A method to eliminate excess lint and fibers from cotton fabric. Brushed cotton usually has a really soft, sleek finish.
Burn off-Out: An activity that utilizes sulfuric acid or any other strong acid to “burn off-out” elements of a material knit, usually a polyester/natural cotton mix. The process offers a see-through, really pure effect.
Cover Sleeves: Usually describes shorter sleeves on women’s garments.
Fractional Co2: Carbon dioxide. A chemical substance made from two oxygen atoms and one carbon dioxide atom. Known as the “greenhouse” gas due to the connection with climatic change. A few t-shirt producers are now calculating and recording the Carbon dioxide pollutants involved in manufacturing their shirts.
Carbon dioxide Have confidence in: Impartial business established in 2001 in Great Britain that screens carbon emissions. The Carbon Have confidence in works with companies to help lessen their carbon dioxide footprint, and now certifies companies and products as possessing a “reduced carbon dioxide” or “no carbon dioxide” footprint. A few t-t-shirt businesses now produce “reduced carbon dioxide footprint” t-shirts.
Carding: A fiber cleaning method that eliminates short materials and gets rid of grime and international matter. Carding can be carried out by hand or by big devices utilizing drum rollers. Carded-only natural cotton is not really as appealing as combed natural cotton.
Cellulase Clean: Another good name for enzyme clean. This offers fabric a smooth really feel along with a vintage appear, depending on how the wash is performed.
Cellulose: Produced from the cell wall surfaces of certain vegetation. Valuable in creating certain kinds of fabrics, including acetate, triacetate, and rayon. Bamboo material is in fact rayon produced from bamboo cellulose.
Inexpensive Cotton T-Shirt: T-shirts made out of carded natural cotton, utilizing 18/1 line, usually knitted on 20 measure machines. These t-shirts are coarse, tough, and also have poor drapability. Used frequently as inexpensive marketing give-aways.
Environment Neutral: A term employed to describe a company, process, or product which has absolutely no effect on the Earth’s climate. Several t-t-shirt manufacturers promote their company as climate natural.
Carbon dioxide: Fractional co2. A chemical substance made up of two o2 atoms and one carbon atom. Known as the “green house” gasoline because of its connection with climate change.
Colorfastness: The ability of the garment to resist several washings without having dropping its colour.
Combed Natural cotton: A technique to get rid of brief materials and to arrange longer fibers parallel to produce a smooth, fine cotton yarn. Combed natural cotton has higher strength, excellent uniformity, and much better hand. Combed natural cotton costs much more and it is utilized in better t-shirts.
Compacting: A procedure that compacts the space among cotton fiber pockets. Minimises diminishing.
Contrasting Stitching: Stitching having a various colour than the outfit. Gives a nice design details in t-shirts.
Control Union: An international organization that provides certification solutions for many different programs–including numerous natural accreditation applications. Certifies USDA Organic, as well as GOTS (Global Organic Textile Standard).
Cotton Jersey: Knitted, really slightly elastic fabric having a smooth flat face and a much more textured but uniform back. Average bodyweight per yard is approximately 5.5 to 6 oz. Fundamental t-shirts are made from natural cotton jersey. Fine cotton jersey is usually smoother and has a lighter weight for each yard.
Natural cotton: An organic fiber this is the most popular on earth for fabrics. Cotton fibers are often ½ to 2 inches long. For a longer time fibers produce finer cotton material. Types including Pima and Egyptian, which function fibers going above 1.5 in ., are definitely more highly highly valued than ordinary varieties.
Team Neck: A circular close-fitted neckline. Most common throat on t-shirts.
Crop Top: A shirt with a brief entire body into it; designed to expose the midriff area.
Dual-Needle Stitched: Utilized mostly on sleeve/base hems and describes a parallel row of sewing. This type of sewing offers sturdiness along with a cleanser, more completed look.
Drape, Drapability: Refers to how a material hangs. A material like bamboo rayon has outstanding drape, while a coarse fabric like burlap has almost no. T-shirts which have good drape characteristics really feel better to put on.
Drop Tail: A garment that includes a longer back than front side.
Eco-Friendly: Very loose phrase that describes a product’s “greenness.” Almost useless in realistically evaluating a product or service. Preferred term used by eco-friendly washers.
Egyptian Cotton: Cotton created in Egypt and highly valued for its long length of fiber. Clothing made out of true Egyptian cotton is prized for its gentleness and fineness.
Ecological Proper rights Foundation: An authorized charity recognized in 2000 to assist who are suffering most from environmental abuses including pesticide poisoning, water depletion, and garden soil destruction. Particularly energetic in curbing abuses in cotton harvesting.
Enzyme Cleaned: A clean procedure using special digestive enzymes to generate a smooth complete and sleek look to a material. Age groups chemical dyes to produce a unique look to dyed materials. Enzyme cleaning is actually less harsh on the material compared to stone washing.
Western Reduce: A style of t-shirt which is narrower than one normally discovers. For example, a full cut men’s t-shirt, dimension large, usually operates 22 inches over the chest (calculated one inch underneath the sleeve). A men’s big Western cut will operate about half an ” to 1 ” narrower, sometimes much more.
Material Dyed: Fabric dyed before being cut and stitched into a finished part of clothing.
Fair Labor Association: A not-for-profit organization dedicated to finishing sweatshop problems in production facilities globally. Functions to develop Program code of Work Methods, particularly important in the clothing company in which operating conditions have traditionally been so poor.
Fair Put on Base: An international team dedicated to enhancing garment workers’ lifestyles worldwide. Works together with businesses that create clothes and other stitched products and this assume responsibilty for his or her supply chain.
Fine Cotton Jersey: Knitted, very slightly stretchy fabric with a smooth flat face as well as a more textured but consistent back. Fine natural cotton jersey is usually easier and has a lighter in weight per yard than normal cotton jersey. T-shirts created using fine natural cotton jersey possess a better drape and feel than regular t-shirts. Usually made with 30s and higher cotton line, and weighs 4.3 oz per square yard.
Fitted Reduce: Meanings vary, but typically a installed reduce refers to a reduce that flatters our bodies. Used frequently in women’s t-shirts, the center area of the t-shirt is going to be firmer compared to top or bottom. Overall, the shirts operate narrower when compared to a basic full reduce.
Complete Cut: A generous, spacious cut. In t-shirts, tubular designs are typically regarded as full-reduce, but you will find exceptions. Complete Reduce is different from the thinner Western Cuts, Thin Slashes, and Fitted Cuts.
Outfit Dyed: Clothing dyed after it has been cut and sewn in to a finished article of clothing.
Garment Cleaned: An activity in which completed articles of clothing are cleaned, generally with added softeners to enhance the really feel and look of the fabric.
GMO Totally free: GMO is short for Genetically Altered Organisms. Initially used in the 1990s when consumers became worried about genetically altered food. Many companies now apply the GMO totally free tag on anything from meals to all-natural fabrics, like natural cotton.
GOTS: Means Worldwide Natural Textile Standard. A project in the Worldwide Working Team. They have created specifications to make certain organic standing of textiles, from the harvesting, manufacturing, and marking, in order to provide a reliable assurance towards the end consumer. An organic t-t-shirt that suits the standards can be GOTS certified.
Green: Common saying used by marketing gurus to promote products. Another favorite phrase of “eco-friendly-washers,” who are hopping in the environmental bandwagon without any real dedication.
Green-Cleaning: Explode around the term “white-washing,” nevertheless in an ecological context. Firms that green-clean are spending lip-service to environmental issues to attract more company, but haven’t taken any real actions to get environmentally responsible.
Hand: The way a material seems to the touch. A material that seems soft and sleek is considered to get a great hand.
Hemp Material: Hemp, or Cannabis sativa, has been utilized for material for centuries, mainly as being an commercial material. More recent handling methods have made it ideal for better clothing, and now it really is utilized in numerous clothing posts, including t-shirts. Hemp is highly valued because of its durability and strength.
Henley T-Shirt: Similar to a collarless polo shirt, a Henley is a pullover t-t-shirt offering 2 or 3 control keys (sometimes as much as 5 buttons are utilized, but that’s uncommon). A Henley can be either short or long sleeved.
Ice cubes Wash: A way of stone washing where the rocks are initially soaked in a solution of potassium permanganate. This method produces a frosted look to material.
Interlock Knit: A form of knit that is certainly really soft and contains an excellent drape. Interlock knit stitches are tighter, much more stretchy than Jersey knit, but less stretchy than rib knit. Utilized in really fine clothes.
Jersey Knit: Commonly found in t-shirts and is the most durable of knits. It is actually light bodyweight, and contains fine vertical ribs. The Jersey knit was known as after the British Tropical island within the English Channel. Fine cotton Jersey identifies Jersey Knit created using fine natural cotton threads like 30s and 40s.
Knit: Describes the way the interlocking loops of yarn that make up fabric had been created. There are numerous varieties of knits. Jersey Knit is commonly found in t-shirts and is easily the most long lasting of knits. It is light bodyweight, and has fine vertical ribs. Around the other hand, rib knits have weighty ribs running down the material, while interlock knits are used in really fine fabrics. T-t-shirt collars are often rib knit.
Muscle mass T-shirt: Sleeveless design t-t-shirt, although not exactly a tank top. Basic t-shirt, just without the sleeves. The shoulder strap portion is much broader than a typical tank top.
Neck Adhesive tape: A slim strip of fabric stitched within the seam running across the shoulders and neck region. It covers the seam and appearance a lot better than an exposed stitch. Also known as “shoulder joint to shoulder joint taped.”
OekoTek 100: Certification from the Worldwide Oeko-Tex® Connection, which assures consumers that this clothing they buy is chemical free and presents no risk with their wellness. Beneath the Oeko-Tex standard, clothes should be free from formaldehyde, arsenic, lead, cadmium, as well as other harmful chemicals.
Natural Apparel: An expression really loosely used within the outfit business. It can mean everything from completely organic to less than 6Percent organic. Often coupled with terms like Eco-Friendly, Green, etc. Customers must check the tags and verify the types of materials utilized to find out if some thing is truly organic or otherwise.
Natural Cotton: Cotton grown without using pesticides. Licensed organic natural cotton has become examined to insure it truly is natural.
Natural Soil Association: Founded in 1946 by a team of farmers, researchers and nutrition experts concerned about your relationship between farming practices and plant, animal, human, and ecological health. The Natural Garden soil Connection pioneered the first organic standards in 1967, and certifies farms and businesses that meet those standards.
Overdyed: A process in which previously dyed garments or fabrics are dyed with an extra color to make a distinctive appear.
Overall performance T: Good name for t-shirts produced for athletes and outdoor fanatics. Overall performance Ts are seen as a their breathability, moisture wicking, fast drying, and smell control abilities. Many overall performance Ts are polyester/cotton mixes, or can also be 100% polyester. Bamboo t-shirts, because of their absorbency and wicking properties, have become referred to as overall performance t-shirts, even though they usually do not dried out as fast as overall performance t-shirts made of completely polyester.
PFD: Stands for Ready For Dyeing. Sold this way to t-shirt customizers who wish to create their own appear with chemical dyes.
Pigment Dyed: A type of dye that produces a cleaned out, distressed appear.
Pima Natural cotton: A natural cotton developed in the U.S. during the early 1900s to compete with Egyptian natural cotton. It features longer fibers and is also utilized frequently in fine men’s and women’s shirts. The name Pima comes from the Pima Indians, who assisted with all the first crops of the new natural cotton as it was initially developed inside the U.S.
Raise: A technique of knitting that produces a waffle-type, fine textured surface area. Used often in polo shirts.
Polyester: Man-made fiber created from synthetic polymers. Utilized widely in apparel, especially coupled with natural cotton in 50/50 mixes.
Pre-Shrunk: Refers to the process of pre-shrinking fabric before it really is cut and sewn. Sometimes it describes an actual completed garment which has been preshrunk. Clothing that has been preshrunk shrinks much less when the buyer washes it. Preshrunk cotton t-shirts will nevertheless reduce a bit, nevertheless, particularly when dried utilizing a clothes clothes dryer.
Raglan T-T-shirt: Kind of t-shirt offering sleeves running straight to the collar. Usually the sleeves really are a contrasting colour from your body. Raglan sleeves are wider underneath the hands, and are liked by wearers who desire optimum independence of motion. Baseball t-shirts generally come with a raglan sleeve design.
Rayon: Man-created fiber which uses plant cellulose as the main component. Rayon is very soft, has excellent drape, and is also really absorbent. Initially developed as being a silk substitute.
Rib Knit: Described as heavy vertical ribs running down the fabric. Rib knits are generally considered 1×1, 2×1 or 2×2. This lets you know the size from the rib compared to the space among. For example, a 1×1 rib knit or a 2×2 rib knit means the space in between each rib is the same size because the ribs. But a 2×1 rib knit means the ribs are two times as broad because the areas in between. Rib knit is extremely elastic and it is frequently utilized for t-shirt collars, cuffs, and tank tops.
Diamond ring Spun: Describes yarn produced by twisting and thinning a rope of natural cotton materials. The constant spinning generates a softer feel and more powerful yarn. Diamond ring-spun t-shirts are significantly softer to the touch.
Ringer T: A t-t-shirt with coloured sleeve groups and coordinating crew throat. Most ringers are white, with all the armband sleeves and team necks in different colours.
Fine sand Wash: Describes utilizing sand while washing a outfit or material to soften and distress it.
Silk Washed: Another phrase for silicone cleaned, which creates a really smooth and smooth complete to material, and in addition provides the fabric good draping qualities.
Scoop Neck: Wide, carefully curved neck line that differs thorough. Favored in women’s shirts.
Pure Jersey: Very light weight jersey knit, evaluating about 3.9 oz per yard. A little stretchier than fine jersey.
Shoulder joint to Shoulder Tape: A slim strip of material sewn over the seam operating throughout the shoulders and neck area. It addresses the seam and appearance much better than an exposed stitch.
Shrinkage: Generally describes natural cotton apparel as well as the quantity it can be anticipated to reduce. Most cotton t-shirts are pre-shrunk, but 4-5% shrinkage can be expected.
Part Seamed: Refers to shirts having a seam operating down each and every part under the arm sleeves to the bottom hem. Side seamed t-shirts cost more to produce.
Silicon Cleaned: Refers to utilizing inert silicon within a washing process. Creates a really smooth and smooth finish to fabric, as well as provides the fabric great draping qualities.
Singlet: another phrase for a men’s tank top.
Thin Cut: A style of t-shirt that is narrower compared to what one usually discovers. For instance, a full reduce men’s t-t-shirt, dimension large, usually operates 22 in . over the chest (measured one ” underneath the sleeve). A slim cut will run about 50 % an ” to 1 ” narrower, occasionally much more.
Stonewashed: A washing method that utilizes lava rocks or sometimes silicon and rubberized balls. This technique can make material softer and offers it an aged or distressed appear. Occasionally chlorine bleach is used within this process.
Tank Top: T-T-shirt seen as a thin shoulder joint bands with no sleeves. The title has come from the early phrase for pools: going swimming tanks.
Taped Seam: Not actual “adhesive tape,” but a slim strip of material sewn within the seam operating over the shoulders and neck area of t-shirts. It covers the seam and appears a lot better than an uncovered stitch.
Tubular Design:A style that has no side seams; our bodies of the t-shirt is round and directly. Tubular t-shirts are less costly to manufacture, and make up the majority of the less expensive t-shirts.
Unisex T-T-shirt: No regular definition are available for a unisex t-shirt, but generally speaking a unisex t-t-shirt is made of lighter in weight, fine natural cotton jersey, part seamed, and not reduce as complete being a normal men’s t-t-shirt. The sleeves usually are not additional brief, like cover sleeves, but they are not complete elbow measures either. Our bodies length is normally medium/long. Nevertheless, you will find wide variations in unisex t-shirts, depending on the manufacturer.
Uzbekistan: Former U.S.S.R. satellite that grew to become independent in 1991 and it is well known for its cotton creation methods, which include forced child labor and environmentally damaging methods. Ethical apparel businesses boycott Uzbekistan natural cotton; however, a lot of companies don’t care and possess declined to sign up with in the boycott simply because Uzbekistan cotton is cheap.
V -Throat: Inverted triangular style of neckline. Can be deep or superficial, based on the design. Generally favored by women, but a shallow style v-neck is popular among guys.
Viscose: Typically another good name for rayon, as with viscose rayon.
Weight: Generally expressed ounces for each square yard. A 5.5 oz weight cotton fabric implies that one square yard will weigh 5.5 ounces. Fine jersey cotton materials will often have lighter in weight weight loads, while coarser natural cotton xeprdh have heavier weight loads.
Spouse Beater: Derogatory term for any men’s tank top t-t-shirt. Usually refers to a fundamental white tank top.
Yarn Dyed: Yarn that is dyed before it really is woven into a material.