You can find available today quite a bewildering array of connection types used for Audio and Video. To further complicate things a number of the same connectors and leads can be used for multiple connection types.

This guide will begin with the 1st audio and video connections and move up to Cayin A100t and leads. It will give the advantages and disadvantages of them all and hopefully at the end you will end up a little more informed regarding how to get the best quality images from the setup.

At First – In the beginning things where simpler as there was just one method to receive TV signals, through an aerial. This connection technique is called Coax and is still used today for connecting Freeview Receivers up to the aerial on your own roof (the freeview receiver either can be a separate box or built into your TV). Coax cable is what is known as screened cable and is made up of a good inner wire (core) with a wire mesh or foil surrounding it.

As all of the Video and Audio Data is carried down the same cable Coax is bottom from the pile when it comes to quality. Coax cannot be used to possess a high definition signal

Composite Video – Composite video is actually a boost from Coax because the Picture and Audio data is sent separately. It genuinely requires 3 separate connections (Video, Audio Left and Audio Right) to be made in order to show a picture with sound. The connectors used are classified as Phono (RCA) connectors and really should be immediately familiar to anyone that owns a Hifi Separates System.

Component video is still used now to connect such things as Video cameras and Nintendo Wii’s to TV’s. Most TV’s may have a socket on the front or side to be able to easily connect equipment for the TV. The picture quality achieved by way of a composite connection is better than with Coax but still not great and so is not actually suitable for Hifi RCA Cable. Composite cannot be used to carry a hi-def signal.

S-Video – S-Video or S-VHS is an evolution in the original composite video standard because instead of all video data being sent down 2 pieces of wire the picture is divided in to a signal that contains colour data (Chroma) and a signal which has brightness data (Luma). This offers an improved picture than Composite. Much like Composite Video, separate connections are needed for Audio and use the same Phono (RCA) connectors as shown above.

S-Video connections can also frequently found on the front of contemporary TV and can employed to quickly connect equipment such as Camcorders to a TV in order to show home video footage. S-Video cannot be used to carry hi-def signals.

Scart Connections – Scart Connectors where introduced to be able to allow simple single cable connections between video equipment. Scart connections can nonetheless be found today on DVD players, Sky boxes and modern TV’s. But they are being eliminated and can not be available on Hi-def video sources like Bluray players.

Scart is really a multicored cable that carries many different video connections such as Composite and S-Video along with Right and left Audio Data all conveniently located in a single socket. Generally when using a Scart Connection this is actually the only connection necessary to connect a source to some display.

Scart cables also introduced a new video standard called RGB where the separate Red, Green and Blue colour signal. This additional separation gives better quality then Composite or S-Video connections. The RGB video wcmlld eventually evolved into the Component Video standard which is discussed below. Scart cables cannot be utilized to carry high definition video signals.

Component Video (Y, PB, PR) – Component video is an evolution of RGB stated earlier which uses high quality cable and connectors so you can use it to transport high definition video signals (720P, 1080i although not 1080P). Component Video connectors are Phono (RCA) connectors as pointed out above for Composite Video but bear in mind that the cable differs.

Component video connections are the most effective quality Analogue (i.e. none digital) connections available. Component Video connections are available on all Hi-def equipment i.e. HD TV’s, Bluray Players etc. Component Video Cables can be used as Line Magnetic but please be aware that they cannot be employed to carry 1080P signals.

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